AGFACTS Mango growing
Agfact H6.1.10, fourth edition 2004
NSW Centre for Tropical Horticulture,
The mango (Mangifera indica) is native to Asia,
occurring from northern India to the Malay Peninsula.
It has been cultivated in India, where it thrives and is
considered the ‘king of fruits’, for over 4000 years. It is
a major fruit crop in many countries such as Mexico,
Philippines, Brazil, Pakistan, Thailand and China.
Australia produces around 46 000 tonnes of mangoes
annually. There are 1.7 million trees planted on an
estimated 11 250 hectares.
Mangoes are grown commercially in many areas,
including Darwin and Katherine in the Northern
Territory, Kununurra and Carnarvon in Western
Australia and Mareeba, Burdekin, Bowen,
Rockhampton, Bundaberg and in south-east
In NSW the growing areas are spread over a wide
range of soil types and micro-climates and extend from
the Tweed Valley down the coast and hinterland areas
to Stuarts Point and inland to the drier areas of Kyogle
and Hogarth Range. The NSW plantings are small
on a national scale and represent around 3% of the
A well-mulched one-year-old tree. Shaping and limb
selection is a priority during the tree’s early years.
According to the Australian Bureau of Statistics
(2001), NSW has 54 000 trees, of which 26% are
less than six years old, compared with 10 000 trees in
the late 1980s. There is much interest in the recently
released patented varieties. Production is around 400
tonnes (although this ﬂuctuates greatly), with a small
tonnage going to processing. The industry has 160
The NSW industry is based on one variety,
Kensington Pride, estimated to be 90% of plantings.
ORDER NO. H.6.1.10
Tree yields ﬂuctuate signiﬁcantly from year to year.
This variety is most susceptible to fungal diseases in
wet growing season, low temperatures in the spring
during ﬂowering and alternate bearing characteristics.
It is beyond the scope of this Agfact to discuss this
subject in any detail since there are so many variables