Electronics Waste: Recycling of Mobile Phone
consumer waste collection compared to the business environment, as the collected material
typically contain impurities and materials that are not meant to be collected. The second
phase can include the usage of different techniques from manual disassembly to mechanical
and chemical pre-processing. In the third phase there is not much difference where the
waste is originated (Tanskanen, Takala, 2006).
Fig. 1. Process steps of product end of life treatment with economic indicators (Tanskanen
As the biggest challenge in e-waste recycling is the collection of the waste materials from the
consumers, this chapter focuses on that phase, on how to develop an efficient take back
process. Every step of the recycling process needs optimization, the challenge is not to sub-
optimize the value chain but the whole system to support eco-efficient recycling process.
Waste collection and management always happens locally, and case studies from different
countries are presented here also to demonstrate how a global corporate strategy can be
turned into local actions.
3. Challenges in e-waste recycling
Product end of life process needs to be looked as a system and the optimization should be
done so that the whole value chain is taken into account rather than focusing on a part of the
process. Waste management of post-consumer waste faces different kinds of challenges